Plumbing Essential Information...



Water in tank runs constantly


1. Float ball or rod is misaligned.

float ball contains water.

Float ball not rising high enough.

Tank ball not sealing properly 

Ballcock valve does not shut off



1.      Bend float rod carefully to
move ball so it will not rub
against side of tank.

2.      Empty or replace float ball

3.      Carefully bend float rod
down, but only slightly.

4.  Remove any corrosion fron
lip of valve seat. Replace tanl
ball if worn. Adjust lift wire
and guide.

5.      Replace washers in ballcoc
assembly or, if necessary,
replace entire assembly.


Toilet does not flush or flushes inadequately

1. Drain is clogged.

Not enough water in tank.

3.      Tank ball falls back before
enough water leaves tank.

4.     Leak where tank joins toilet

Ports around underside of bowl rim clogged.


1.      Remove blockage in drain.

2.      Raise water level in tank by
bending float rod up slightly.

3.      Move guide up so that tank
ball can rise higher.

4.      Tighten nuts on spud pipe;
replace spud washers, if

5.      Ream out residue from port;


Tank whines while filling

1.     Ballcock valve not operating

2.      Water supply is restricted.


1.      Replace washers or install
new ballcock assembly.

2.      Check shutoff to make sure
it's completely open. Check foi
scale or corrosion at entry into
tank and on valve.


Moisture around fixture

1. Condensation.

2.      Leak at flange wax seal.

3.      Leak at bowl-tank


4.  Leak at water inlet connection.

5. Crack in bowl or tank.


1.      Install foam liner, tank covei
drip catcher, or temperator

2.      Remove toilet and install
new wax ring seal.

3.      Tighten spud pipe nuts;
replace worn spud washers, if

4.  Tighten locknut and
coupling nut; replace washers
and gasket, if necessary.

5.      Remove bowl, tank, or entire


Dripping pipe

1. Joint not watertight.

2. Hole in pipe.

3. Burst pipe.


1.      Tighten threaded joint, if
possible. Apply epoxy paste to
joint. Disassemble and resolder
sweat-soldered joint in copper
pipe or tubing. Cut out and
replace joint in plastic pipe.

2.      Repair by patching hole,
using best available method, or
replace section of pipe. If
section is inaccessible,
disconnect it from system and
route new section of pipe.

3.      Immediately turn off water
at main shutoff. Repair or
replace pipe or joint. Avoid
electrical shock due to contact
between electrical devices or
equipment and water.


Faucet makes noise


1.        Wrong size washer.

2.   Washer loose.

. Valve seat clogged.

'ipes too small or clogged.

5 :em threads binding against threads in faucet body.

6. Stem or body threads damaged.


1.        Replace washer with one of
proper size.

2.        Tighten washer on stem.

3.        Clean residue from valve

4.        Replace pipes.

5.        Lubricate stem threads or
replace stem.

Replace stem or faucet.


Moisture under fixture

1.       Leaking trap joints.

2.        Leaking trap.

3.        Leaking connections at fixture.

4.        Leaking connections at shutoff

5.        Leaking seal at fixture drain.

6.        Caulking seal around fixture
rim faulty—splash water seeping.


1.        Tighten trap slip nuts or
clean-out plug.

2.        Replace trap.

3.        Tighten, or disassemble and

4.        Tighten, or disassemble and

5.        Remove, clean, and reseal
drain flange.

6.        Remove fixture as necessary
and recaulk.


Spray hose does not function properly

1.        Spray head body or level

2.        Spray head aerator clogged.

3.        Hose damaged or connection

4.        Hose clogged.

5.        Diverter valve clogged or


1.        Replace spray head.

2.        Disassemble and clean

3.        Repair or replace hose;
tighten connections.

4.        Remove blockage; replace
hose, if necessary.

5.        Disassemble and clean valve;
if necessary, replace valve.


Shower head leaks

 Swivel connection O-ring or other seal in poor condition


2. Swivel connection O-ring or other seal in poor condition


Shower head water flow restricted 1. Shower head clogged. . Disassemble and clean head.
Shower head adjustment handle binds or does not operate . Internal cam broken or other mechanical damage. . Replace shower head.
Drains overflowing 1. Pipes or trap clogged. 1. Use plunger or auger to clear pipes or trap.
Drain sluggish with sucking noises 1. Drain flow restricted. 2. Vent restricted. 3. Improper venting. 1. Clean drain. 2. Clean vent. 3. Install vent or larger vent




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